Real Media Library: Media Library Folder & File Manager Vulnerability – Authenticated (Author+) Stored Cross-Site Scripting – CVE-2024-2328 | WordPress Plugin Vulnerability Report 

Plugin Name: Real Media Library: Media Library Folder & File Manager

Key Information:

  • Software Type: Plugin
  • Software Slug: real-media-library-lite
  • Software Status: Active
  • Software Author: devowl
  • Software Downloads: 2,483,272
  • Active Installs: 80,000
  • Last Updated: April 25, 2024
  • Patched Versions: 4.11.12
  • Affected Versions: <= 4.22.11

Vulnerability Details:

  • Name: Real Media Library <= 4.22.11
  • Title: Authenticated (Author+) Stored Cross-Site Scripting
  • Type: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N
  • CVE: CVE-2024-2328
  • CVSS Score: 6.4
  • Publicly Published: April 15, 2024
  • Researcher: stealthcopter
  • Description: The Real Media Library: Media Library Folder & File Manager plugin for WordPress is vulnerable to Stored Cross-Site Scripting via the image title and alt text in all versions up to, and including, 4.22.11 due to insufficient input sanitization and output escaping. This allows authenticated attackers, with author access and higher, to inject arbitrary web scripts in pages that will execute whenever a user accesses an injected page.


The Real Media Library plugin for WordPress has a vulnerability in versions up to and including 4.22.11 that allows author-level users to inject harmful scripts into web pages through image titles and alt text. This vulnerability has been patched in version 4.11.12.

Detailed Overview:

Discovered by researcher stealthcopter, this vulnerability lies in the plugin's handling of image metadata, where insufficient input sanitization and output escaping allows for stored cross-site scripting (XSS). This security flaw enables users with at least author-level permissions to insert executable JavaScript into image titles and alt text, which is subsequently rendered when other users or site visitors view these images. The consequences of such an exploit could range from minor website defacement to more severe scenarios such as the theft of session tokens or other sensitive information. The developers have addressed this issue in the latest patch, significantly mitigating the risk associated with this vulnerability.

Advice for Users:

  • Immediate Action: Ensure your installation of Real Media Library is updated to version 4.11.12 or later to apply the security fix.
  • Check for Signs of Vulnerability: Review your website’s media files for any unusual or suspicious image metadata that might have been altered or added unexpectedly.
  • Alternate Plugins: While a patch is available, consider evaluating other media library management plugins as backups, especially if recurring vulnerabilities are a concern.
  • Stay Updated: Consistently updating your plugins to their latest versions is crucial in maintaining a secure WordPress environment and protecting against known vulnerabilities.


The swift response by the developers of Real Media Library to patch this significant vulnerability highlights the importance of regular software updates. Users are encouraged to update their plugins promptly to safeguard against such vulnerabilities, ensuring a secure and reliable digital presence.


Detailed Report: 

In the fast-evolving digital world, the security of a website's content management system, particularly WordPress, is paramount. The recent vulnerability found in the "Real Media Library: Media Library Folder & File Manager" plugin exemplifies the ever-present risks that come with managing digital content. This widely-used plugin, which organizes media files within WordPress, was found vulnerable to a form of attack known as Stored Cross-Site Scripting (XSS). Detected in versions up to and including 4.22.11, this vulnerability allowed authenticated users with author-level access or higher to inject harmful scripts via image titles and alt texts.

About the Plugin: Real Media Library: Media Library Folder & File Manager

Developed by devowl, Real Media Library is a plugin designed to help manage and categorize media files within WordPress. It has been downloaded over 2.4 million times and is actively used on 80,000 sites. As a tool integral to content management, its security directly impacts the digital safety of its users.

Risks and Potential Impacts

The presence of this XSS vulnerability poses significant risks, including unauthorized access to user data, manipulation of website content, and potential website takeover. For businesses, these risks could translate into data breaches, loss of customer trust, and even financial repercussions if sensitive information were compromised.

Remediation Steps

  1. Immediate Update: Users should immediately update the plugin to the patched version 4.11.12.
  2. Check for Compromise: Review your website for signs of exploitation, particularly within media file metadata.
  3. Regular Monitoring: Regularly monitor and audit your website's security posture to detect new threats.
  4. Consider Alternatives: Evaluate other media management plugins, especially if frequent vulnerabilities are a concern.

Previous Vulnerabilities and Learning

Since August 25, 2021, Real Media Library has had three documented vulnerabilities. Each incident underscores the critical need for ongoing vigilance and immediate action upon the release of security updates.


The swift response by Real Media Library's developers to patch significant vulnerabilities like CVE-2024-2328 highlights the ongoing battle against cyber threats in the WordPress ecosystem. For small business owners, staying on top of these updates is crucial, not just for the security of the website but for protecting the business's reputation and customer trust. Implementing a regular maintenance schedule for all software components of your website, including plugins, can substantially reduce the risk of security breaches. Moreover, considering managed WordPress hosting services or engaging with cybersecurity professionals can help streamline this process, ensuring your digital presence remains secure with minimal direct oversight, allowing you to focus more on your business operations.

Staying Secure

Staying on top of WordPress security can feel overwhelming for small business owners without dedicated IT staff. At Your WP Guy, we exist to shoulder that burden for you. Our WordPress experts can fully audit, secure, maintain and support your site - so you can focus on growing your business with peace of mind.

Don't tackle security risks alone. Let us help you assess any impact from this vulnerability, update your plugins, and implement ongoing maintenance to avoid future threats. We treat your website like it's our own - because we know how critical it is for reaching your customers.

Get in touch for a free consultation today on making WordPress security stress-free. Call 678-995-5169 or book a call here. Our knowledgeable team is ready to help you safeguard your online presence.

Real Media Library: Media Library Folder & File Manager Vulnerability – Authenticated (Author+) Stored Cross-Site Scripting – CVE-2024-2328 | WordPress Plugin Vulnerability Report FAQs

Leave a Comment